Some days, people may find that their face is swollen when they wake up in the morning. The swelling may go away in a short time or may last for a long time. Swelling can be caused by many different reasons. Some can be quite simple. In this article, the factors that cause swelling are included for informational purposes, they should not be accepted as definitive information, those who have problems should seek medical advice from a doctor and receive treatment if necessary.
Drug Side Effects
Facial swelling, It can occur as a side effect of certain medications, including:
-ACE (angiotensin converting enzyme) inhibitors for high blood pressure
-ARBs (Angiotensin receptor blockers) for high blood pressure
– Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs such as aspirin, naproxen, ibuprofen
-TZDs (thiazolidinediones) or glitazones for diabetes
Although there are no side effects, an allergic reaction may develop in the body to any drug.
Antibiotics such as penicillin, aspirin, ibuprofen, anti-seizure drugs, and chemotherapy drugs are common triggers.
If people are allergic to what they eat or drink, their body will react if they encounter them. Fish, nuts such as peanuts, and dairy products are common triggers. Triggers can inflame the face, especially the lips and eyes, as well as the tongue and palate within minutes. You may also experience dizziness, lightheadedness, nausea, and itching of the skin or in the ears, mouth, or throat. 112 emergency call center should be called without delay and an epinephrine pen (adrenaline auto-injector) should be used if previously prescribed.
Angioedema is mentioned when too much fluid accumulates under the skin, usually around the face. . The reason is not completely clear. It can be caused by an allergic reaction to a wide variety of factors, including pollen, latex (in rubber), insect bites, food, water, even sunlight, aspirin, ibuprofen, some heart or blood pressure medications. Medications can cause angioedema even in the absence of an allergic reaction.
It is a medical emergency for a person with angioedema to experience difficulty breathing. For non-emergency situations, antihistamines can be helpful but usually require higher than recommended doses, so a doctor’s advice should be sought anyway. when touched, the face becomes itchy, red and inflamed. Many allergic reactions are a reaction from contact with a substance such as a new soap or lotion, a type of contact dermatitis. Sometimes toxins such as battery acid or bleach can also cause contact dermatitis. Swelling and other symptoms typically appear 24 to 36 hours after exposure (for example, a post-contact reaction with poison ivy). Even saliva, if licked too much, can dry out and inflame the lips. The cause must be found and efforts must be made to prevent it. Over-the-counter medications and creams are usually sufficient to relieve symptoms. Over-the-counter allergy medications, such as topical steroids, can help reduce inflammation and swelling. If more severe, an oral steroid may be prescribed by a doctor.
Insect Bite or Sting
The bites or stings of these tiny creatures (bees, wasps, spiders) can inflame the skin can be irritating or painful.
An allergic reaction can sometimes worsen swelling away from the bite. Swelling makes breathing difficult in some cases and can be a sign of a serious response called anaphylaxis that requires emergency care.
Sunburn can cause skin burns, even if it doesn’t make people feel drenched with sweat. Due to daily activities, the exposure time of people to ultraviolet light may increase. Some people’s facial skin can burn in just 15 minutes in direct sunlight. Severe sunburns, along with painful, dry, itchy skin, can cause swelling and blistering of the face. Headaches, dizziness, and even nausea may be experienced. For this reason, hats and protective clothing should be worn, sunscreen with an SPF of 30 or higher should be used, and the sun should be avoided during the brightest hours of the day. A person with sunburn should apply a light moisturizing lotion to soothe and moisturize their skin. If the burn is uncomfortable or does not improve within a few days, a dermatologist should be consulted for professional treatment.
It usually starts with a cold. If the linings of the sinuses become inflamed or infected, they can become clogged with mucus. A stuffy nose is its most obvious symptom. The pressure caused by this blockage causes a dull ache around the eyes, a greenish-yellow discharge from the nose, severe headaches. There may be pain and swelling around the nose, cheeks, eyes, and forehead, worsening when the person bends over. Doctors can help treat it with pain medications and sometimes antibiotics. Infection is often caused by a virus. Antibiotics are not needed for viral infections. Focus on rest, drink plenty of fluids, and try an over-the-counter antihistamine.
Tooth with Abscess
Having a cracked or pitted tooth or an untreated caries allows bacteria to attack the pulp (soft insides) of the tooth. may allow them to sneak in and reproduce. An abscess (infection) can cause a collection of pus around the teeth or gums, a bad toothache, and some swelling in the jawline. The dentist may prescribe antibiotics and may have to perform a root canal to remove the infected nerve.
If this hormone is produced too little (hypothyroidism), metabolic changes can cause enlargement of subcutaneous tissues. The person also feels cold and sluggish, may notice dry skin or irregular menstrual periods in women. The doctor can detect the condition with a simple blood test and prescribe medication if necessary.
Sudden swelling of the face, hands or feet of a pregnant woman can be a sign of a serious condition. You may also have a headache, nausea, difficulty breathing or abdominal pain. It begins around the 20th week of pregnancy and causes an increase in blood pressure. When symptoms are noticed, the doctor should be reported immediately. It can damage organs (usually liver or kidneys) and is risky for the baby in the womb.
Bacteria can infect the lower layers of the skin. Cellulitis is different from the rough appearance of the fatty tissue under the skin like an orange peel (cellulite).
It is most common on the face and neck in children. The first sign is usually red and swollen skin that is hot and sensitive to the touch. There may be chills, fever, and sometimes nausea, drowsiness, and difficulty thinking. Red-colored streaks, bumps, or sores may appear on the skin. Medical attention should be sought immediately if these symptoms develop, especially if the swelling spreads, as it can be fatal if left untreated. It is not very difficult to treat, a week of antibiotic therapy can lead to recovery.
It is an extremely contagious disease. In addition to swelling in the cheeks, those with mumps may experience headache, fever and muscle aches. If the doctor confirms this with a salivary gland or blood test, the patient’s only option is to wait. Most cases heal within a few weeks.
Pink Eye (Conjunctivitis)
If the swelling is focused around the eyes, there may be a nasty infection called conjunctivitis (pink eye) or inflammation of the membrane that covers the eyelids. Most conjunctivitis is caused by viruses, but it can also be triggered by allergies, bacteria, and even contact lenses.
Treatment for pink eye depends on its cause because it could be a viral or bacterial infection. Viral conjunctivitis is typically treated with supportive therapy, including cold compresses and artificial tears for relief. Antibiotic eye drops are needed for bacterial conjunctivitis.
If you have rosacea (whether the person knows it or not), certain triggers can lead to a flare-up. Hot weather, spicy foods, alcohol, and even emotional stress can cause the face to turn red, burn, or even swell. A gentle cleanser, moisturizer, and daily application of sunscreen can help keep rosacea symptoms under control. The dermatologist may also prescribe a cream or pill that can help calm the inflammation associated with the condition.
Cortisol is a stress hormone, but it also helps regulate blood pressure, blood sugar, and a host of other things. It helps. When this hormone is pumped too hard for a long time by the adrenal glands (adrenal glands), it can lead to Cushing’s syndrome, a condition characterized by a round, moon-shaped face (moon face), skin that bruises easily, and thicker or more body hair.
Cushing’s syndrome affects women almost three times more often than men and usually occurs in people who use steroid drugs. If left untreated, Cushing’s syndrome can lead to heart attack, stroke, and type 2 diabetes, among other medical problems. With the use of drugs that lower the cortisol level, it can be treated with surgery, chemotherapy or radiation if a tumor is causing the problem.
Superior Vena Cava Syndrome
Lung cancer, non-Hodgkin lymphoma or spreading to the chest this is unlikely unless other cancers are present. The superior vena cava is a vein that carries blood from the head, neck, and chest to the heart. If it is often blocked by a cancer, it is called superior vena cava syndrome. The face, arms, neck, and upper body often swell. Also, the person may start coughing more and have difficulty breathing. In such a case, a doctor should be contacted immediately. If there is difficulty in breathing, call 112.