Second Trimester in Pregnancy

The average gestation period is 40 weeks continues throughout. These 40 weeks are divided into 3 different periods of 3 months, and each period is called a trimester. Trimester is a word of Latin origin and means three different periods of pregnancy. These periods are:

First trimester: It covers the period between the 1st and 13th weeks.

Second trimester: Covers the period between 14th and 26th weeks

Third trimester: Between 27th and 40th weeks covers the period.

Click here to access the article about the first trimester.

We can now continue where we left off and take a look at the second trimester week by week.

14. Week: From the second trimester of your pregnancy, your baby begins to grow at a different rate compared to other babies. So it can grow faster or slower than other babies. Just as children’s growth processes are different from each other, this is quite normal in pregnancy.

Now clench your fist and take good care of it. Because at 14 weeks, your baby is the size of your clenched fist on average. Thanks to its elongated length and more upright head, it gains a flatter appearance. Hair begins to grow on his head. Eyebrows and body hair also begin to appear during this period. Body hair is called lanugo. Lanugos are not permanent hairs, so you don’t have to worry. It keeps her warm in the womb as if she were in a soft blanket. In the later stages of pregnancy, these hairs will begin to fall out as the fat begins to accumulate in the baby’s body.

15. Week: When you reach this week, your baby’s height is approximately 11 cm and its weight is between 60 and 90 grams. The ears are in the correct position on either side of the head, and their eyes will be shifting from the side of the head to the front of the face, where they should belong. Your baby can now wiggle his fingers and toes. He can even suck his thumb. Of course, all he can do is move his fingers, now he knows how to breathe, suck and swallow.

Your baby has started to move a lot in your belly, although it is a little early for you to feel them, she is stretching, moving her tiny arms and legs.

16. Week: Your baby continues to grow rapidly. Its height is about 13 cm and its weight is between 90-150 grams. His musculature is starting to get stronger, and especially his back muscles are getting stronger. In this way, it will be possible for him to stand more and more straight. His eyes are now settled where they should be, along with his eyebrows and eyelashes. His eyes can now make slight sideways movements. Although his eyelids are not yet opened, he can perceive a little light. The sense of touch is getting more and more sensitive. He feels it when you gently touch your belly, and he may even be touching you from the inside.

17. Week: 14. It’s time to open your fist clenched in the week because your baby is now almost as big as your palm. Body fat began to accumulate. As of this week, you can now start doing exercises to prepare for childbirth. Before this, it is useful to consult your doctor to see if he has a special recommendation or warning for you.

Therefore, spontaneous heartbeats have lagged behind and are beating about 150 times per minute.

18. Week: Your baby has now reached a weight of approximately 150 grams and is 14 cm in length. around. He continues to work on the curling, kicking and punching movements that he does a lot while on your stomach. Apart from these, he started to include hiccups and yawning in his specialty. Another special feature of this week is that your baby is now truly unique because his fingers and toes are complete with fingerprints.

19. Week: This week, your baby’s skin is covered with a white, oily substance called vernix caseosa. This substance protects your sensitive skin from amniotic fluid. If it wasn’t for this protective layer, your baby might be wrinkled when he was born. This layer disappears when the birth approaches, but in premature babies, before it has time to disappear, it can say hello to the world with it on the baby.

20. Week: When you come this week, your baby is 17 cm long and weighs 300 grams on average. If you have a baby girl, her uterus is now fully formed and she has around 7 million undeveloped eggs in her ovaries.

If you have a baby boy, his testicles will be descending from his belly. It will fall into the testicular sheath in a few months. Your baby still has enough room in your womb to spin, kick, and curl up. Even if you don’t feel these movements yet, you will soon be aware of them.

21. Week: Did you know that amniotic fluid is different every day, depending on what you eat? That’s why if you want your baby to like carrots, you can eat lots of carrots. Because your baby will be swallowing amniotic fluid to meet his fluid needs, to feed and to practice swallowing. Thus, it is a good opportunity to get used to the tastes of the things you eat. This week, his arms and legs have reached their correct proportions, and the cartilage tissues in his entire body have begun to turn into bones. In this way, you can now start to feel its movements.

22. Week: Your baby has grown into a doll this week. Its height is about 20 cm. He started to hold on to the umbilical cord and even play with it. Although his eyelids are still closed, he can distinguish between light and dark.

Not only that, it also hears your heartbeat, the movement of blood circulating in your veins, and the rumbling of your intestines.

23. Week: You have entered the 6th month. If a window was opened in your belly and you could see your uterus during this period, you might notice that your skin is a little saggy, but there is no need to panic. This is entirely because his skin develops faster than fat and he does not yet have enough fat to fill that skin. After a very short time, the oil will reach the amount that will fill the skin. Accordingly, his organs can still be seen under his skin, but this will not be possible when fat deposits are formed. By the eighth month, your baby will no longer be visible.

24. Week: Your baby is about 700 grams this week. As of this week, the weekly weight gain will reach approximately 180 grams. Your baby’s face is almost fully formed, and he has a lot of hair on his head. The fact that she has hair won’t be able to tell whether she’s brunette or blonde because all her hair is white yet because there’s no pigment in her hair.

Week: Your baby continues to grow rapidly this week as well. Capillaries form under the skin, and these vessels fill with blood. When you come to the end of this week, air sacs covered with capillaries will also form in your baby’s lungs, and your baby will begin to prepare for his first breath. Of course, the formation of lungs does not mean that your baby can breathe uninterruptedly at that moment, because the lungs need a lot of development and maturation to reach this performance. After the birth, the production of the liquid (surfactant) that will help the lungs open was started. As of this week, your baby’s nostrils, which have been closed until now, will also begin to open. After that, your baby will begin to do breathing exercises with ease. Apart from all these good developments, it also causes her to hiccup from time to time because her vocal cords are working.

26. Week: Your baby is over 23 cm and weighs an average of 1 kg this week. The most important news of this week is that your baby’s eyes are starting to open. Until this time, the eyelids had to remain closed for the retina to develop, but now they can be opened gradually.

With his hearing and vision developing this week, your baby may become too active and react in a high-light environment, for example, in high sunlight or in a loud place.