One of the dangers affecting reproductive health According to the estimates of the World Health Organization, approximately 350 million people are diagnosed with curable sexually transmitted infections every year, and this number exceeds a billion with diseases caused by untreated viruses. higher incidence of infections. Studies conducted in countries where Sexual Health Information Education is practiced have determined that young people who have received this education start sexual intercourse later and show safe sexual intercourse behavior. Sexual Health Information Education integrates love and human sexuality and develops a sense of responsibility. This is the purpose of Sexual Information Education.
The effects of STIs Some of the STIs cause discharge, wounds, lumps, painful swelling, redness and skin changes in the genitals they enter the body. After entering the body, the factors that interfere with the blood circulation continue their life by multiplying here and cause diseases that affect the liver, immune system and the whole body. Except for Hepatitis B and AIDS, which are caused by viruses, treatment is cheap and successful for most of them. One of the most important causes of infertility is untreated STIs. Some STIs cause cervical cancers in women. AIDS, which causes immune deficiency, causes the death of millions of people. Major STIs are written below.
- AIDS-Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
- Genital Warts
Methods of Protection from STIs and HIV/AIDS
The only way to avoid STIs is to avoid sexual intercourse. Life in humans It is not very realistic to ask them to abstain from sexual intercourse for the entirety of their life. Instead, it is a wiser method to want them to live a healthy life with only one partner, being faithful to each other, but the increase in STIs in the world means that the rule of fidelity does not work very well and therefore people who have sexual intercourse instead of unapplicable recommendations. what sexual intercourse with people The most effective way to avoid mental, physical and social harm caused by sexually transmitted infections and unwanted pregnancies seems to be safe. The steps of safe sexual intercourse are;
Postpone sexual intercourse, if you can’t postpone
Stay faithful to your partner, if you can’t stay faithful
Have safe sex and Use a condom
Behaviors such as masturbation, massage, rubbing, touching the genitals do not cause germ transmission as there will be no contact with blood, semen or vaginal secretions between the spouses
Low dangerous sexual behaviors
If a correct and timely applied condom is used during sexual intercourse, the risk of disease decreases. Even if every person gets the microbe this way, it can be risky.
Dangerous sexual behavior
Vaginal sex without using a condom, anal sex without using a condom, any sexual intercourse that causes bleeding all forms of sexual intercourse, such as secretions or blood in the mouth during oral sex, are dangerous.
Expectant mothers should be warned about having an HIV test, HIV-positive mothers should not be forced into abortion, if they want to give birth to babies, necessary medical treatment should be done and the mother should be enlightened. In cases where artificial milk is not available, breast milk should be expressed and boiled and given to the baby.