Turkey is the country with the highest quince production in the world. Naturally, quince variety is also quite abundant in our country. The only country where quince doesn’t grow is Australia!
Quince tree; A tree species that can grow in almost every country in the world. It doesn’t just grow in Australia. Turkey ranked first in quince production (2013). Turkey is the leader in quince production in the world. It is a plant loved in every country with its tree, flowers, bark and fruit. A member of the rose family. It is of the genus Cydonia. How about getting to know the quince tree in a little detail?
The homeland of the quince; northern Anatolia, northwestern Iran, northern Caucasus, and the Caspian Sea. It has spread over a wide geography stretching from Europe to Turkestan and Africa. It grows wild in some countries.
It has a history dating back to 3000 BC. Quince is found in the sources about the Sumerians and Akkadians. The word ‘quince’ has slang meanings in Turkey and England. It is estimated that quince, which means ‘yes’ in Arabic, was translated into Turkish as ‘quince’ from Russian.
It is also used as ‘bih’ in Kurdish. While it was used with the word ‘melimelon’ in Greek to mean ‘sweet apple’, this expression was translated into Turkish as ‘marmalade’.
What are its features?
The quince tree is cold resistant and a temperature of 7 degrees is ideal for quince; however, it is adversely affected by harsh winters and cold climates. It does not like chalky and heavy soils, moisture and wind. It likes maritime climates; It can grow at altitudes between 10 meters and 1000 meters. It is a tree that can live for about 60 years. Its lifespan may also change depending on the region where it is grown, weather conditions and care.
Seeding, cuttings and root shoots methods are used in its production. Its roots do not go deep. Quince trees in arid regions need to be watered. Overwatering will damage the tree. Usually drip or sprinkler methods are used for irrigation. In order to collect the quince fruit, it should be waited for it to mature well. Otherwise, a tasteless and dehydrated quince will be harvested.
The flowers are large and pink in color. Quince trees may not just be fruitful. There are also smaller species grown as ornamental plants. The flowers of the ornamental plant species are red. Quince flowers yield honey. It is a relative of apple and pear.
Quince trees branch a lot. Yellow fruits are covered with rusty bark. Quince has a very rich chemical structure. Contains rich substances such as fruit acids, sugar, tanning substances, protopectin, essential oil, vitamins, antioxidants, folate, calcium, magnesium, phosphorus, copper potassium, nutritional fiber
Benefits of Quince
Quince; It is consumed in forms such as fruit, jam, compote, compote and marmalade. It has benefits in the treatment of many diseases or in maintaining health. Its fruit, flower, bark and seeds are a source of healing that is frequently used in alternative medicine. It has curative or preventive properties.
It is generally recommended to consume various versions of quince. While it has benefits to be consumed raw, it is stated that it is more beneficial to consume it as marmalade, compote and jam.
Many benefits of quince seeds and leaves, which are widely used in alternative medicine, have been identified.
We can list its benefits as follows:
- Increases body resistance, protects against fatigue
- Colds, flu It is good for diseases such as cold, cold
- Prevents diarrhea and constipation
- Recommended for heart and vascular patients
- Recommended for varicose veins
- Effective in cough, bronchitis and respiratory tract disorders, expectorant
- It prevents anemia by making blood
- It has been beneficial in lung, stomach, kidney, intestinal and eye disorders
- Recommended for women’s menstrual problems
- Reduces high blood pressure
- Strengthens and regulates the digestive and immune systems
- Useful against headache
- Effective in kidney disorders and kidney stone problems
- Prevents or balances cholesterol
- Relieves joint pain
- Recommended for solving skin problems
- Cleans the skin and shines the nails
- Recommended to cancer patients, especially it has effects on colon cancer
- Slimming Helps the moon
- Quenches and cools the thirst
- Recommended for use against ulcers
- Prevents the formation and spread of hemorrhoids
- Removes the causes that accelerate the aging of cells
- Recommended for problems such as nausea and vomiting
- Has antiviral properties
- Relieves stress and mental fatigue
- Quince jam is recommended for tuberculosis patients
- Quince jam prevents the development of cancer cells, cleans the blood, softens the nervous system
- Quince juice is sound prevents hoarseness
- Prevents nosebleeds, prevents loss of appetite, cuts diarrhea
- Keeps the body fit by strengthening metabolism
- Strengthens the heart and stomach
- Prevents intestinal inflammation
- Effective in atherosclerosis problems
- Provides the order of the gallbladder
- Strengthens memory by opening the mind
- Prevents dysentery
- Recommended for women who have given birth
- Makes the body sweat
- Prevents mouth sores
- In throat infections and respiratory problems effective
- Relieves insomnia
- Prevents stress by reducing tension
- Cleans intestines
- Prevents diarrhea
- Protects metabolism
- It is the most beneficial leaf among plant leaves for the liver
- Recommended for eliminating mouth and breath odors
- Contains vitamins and substances that fight against cancer
- It can be used to heal burn wounds
- Recommended for skin health
- Recommended for heart diseases
- It has been shown to be beneficial in vascular problems
Quince Flower and Quince Shell:
- When quince flower and bark are boiled and the water is drunk, it increases breast milk
- Can be used to relieve headaches
- Tea made from quince peel prevents throat swelling
- Recommended for relieving mouth and lip problems
- Diabetic patients can consume it easily
- Tea of seeds and bark calms people
- Quince seeds prevent bladder tract inflammation
- Wrinkle on the skin It removes scars and prevents cracks
- Can be used in burn treatment
Quince has been used in many sectors from past to present.
Quince Tree Varieties
About 150 thousand tons of quince is produced annually in Turkey. About 5% of this production is exported. After Turkey, China, Iran and Morocco are the countries with the highest quince production.
Turkey, as the world’s largest producer of quince, is also rich in quince varieties. In order to grow varieties of quince, suitable climate and soil must be found. Otherwise, the yield will be low. In other words, we cannot produce the kind of quince we want in every soil. It is a tree species that requires care with its seeding, planting, fertilizing, pruning, care and harvesting.
We can list the varieties of quince as follows: Glass Quince, Iron Quince, Bread Quince, Esme Quince, Lemon Quince, Sugar Grape Quince, Golden Quince, Tekkeş Quince, Mortar, Gordes, Viranyadevi, Bencikli, White.
Today, quince called lemon quince is preferred the most. The tree of glass quince will be productive. Hairy, juicy and tart. Apple quince is flamboyant and delicious. Esme quince can be stored until March.
There is an interesting belief about quince among the people. It is thought to be more beneficial to eat with a fork, spoon and similar metals. However, there is the opposite situation. Because a different reaction occurs when metal contacts the quince. It has been determined that the zealin substance in the spoon and fork combines with the pectin substance in the quince and causes gas in the intestines. It has also been determined that it causes diarrhea by softening the stool. I think those who hold this belief need to think again.