What are the Features of the Linden Tree?

Basswood; While it heals with its flower, leaves and bark, it is a type of tree that can be the raw material of many sectors with its wood…

Linden tree; A type of tree of the nazenin with its flowers, fruit and wood. Sometimes we benefit from its shade, sometimes from its tea, sometimes from its wood, and sometimes from its bark. Linden, which has many medicinal benefits from colds to insomnia, is a tree you will want to know. Linden tree; Its smell, shade and appearance have always left a good impression on people.

Another name of the linden tree is known as the ‘court tree‘. In the history of Central Europe, village courts were established under the shade of this tree and local hearings were held. The linden tree, which is considered sacred by some peoples in Europe, is a protective and fragrant tree species where lovers meet, festivals are organized, and shopping is carried out under its shade from past to present.

When we examine its morphological features, the linden tree, which is a member of the Hibiscus and Linden families, is also of the genus Tilia… There are also shrub and small tree species.

It can reach 30 meters in length. The linden has strong pile roots, and its lateral roots are also long and have a deep root system. It likes light and warm climates, cool and deep soils with high permeability. It prefers moderate, calcareous and humous soils that are soft, rich in minerals and nutrients. Salty soil, frost and cold climates are not suitable conditions for linden.

The leaves of the linden tree shed in winter, dry up in autumn and take on a golden yellow color. Its white and yellowish flowers grow drooping and have a characteristic odour. More than 30 flowers can be found on the flower branches. The heart-shaped flowers bloom late and are arranged in boards on tree branches in June-July. Seeds ripen in September-October. Fruits grow quickly on a tree with a high sprouting power.

It has beautiful heart-shaped leaves. The leaves with toothed edges are sliced ​​and the stems are long and hairy. The leaves are 5-10 centimeters long and shed in winter. Its shoots can be hairy or bare.

The flowers are in both male and female forms, which are called ‘herdinia’. The fruits are formed as an unopened dry fruit bearing one or two seeds inside. Fruits that grow in shapes such as eggs, pears, ellipses are woody. Another name for the fruit is ‘linden nut’. The color of the tree can be yellowish or pinkish. The top of the tree is broad, sparse and in a rounded form.

Linden, which is a soft and gentle tree, is very affected by weather conditions. Linden; tight, thin, flexible and homogeneous. Its woods are among the mature and useful tree groups. The outer wood is large and diffusely porous. The appearance of the year rings is unclear. The bark is quite fibrous. Its specific gravity is 0.40 gr/cm3.

Linden Tree Species

There are over 30 species in the world. It can live up to a thousand years. There are many linden trees over 500 years old in Turkey. It is known that they usually live up to 100 years. It grows in temperate or subtropical climates of the Northern Hemisphere. The linden tree, which can grow in many regions in America, Europe and Asia, also finds its place mainly in the coastal regions of Turkey.

Caucasian linden, large-leaved linden and silvery linden species are common in Turkey. These species are also used as medicine.

We can list some of its other known species as follows: White linden, Crying white linden, Mexican linden, Mongolian linden, Oliver linden, Henry’s linden, small-leaved linden, Carolina linden, Manchurian linden , Amur linden, American linden, Chinese linden, Japanese linden, Western linden…

The species expressed as “Tilia cordata” and “Tilia platyphyllos” are very common in the world. These two species are distinguished from each other by the size of their leaves. Some species can be found side by side in forests, while others can be found singly in parks or gardens.

How to Make Linden Tea?

For years, our mothers and grandmothers insistently recommend us to drink linden tea. In fact, they are not wrong in their insistence. The known benefits of linden tea justify our mothers and grandmothers in this insistence. So, how is this healing tea made?

After the linden flower matures, you can smell a pleasant scent even from meters away from the tree.

These flowers are collected especially at noon. Drying the linden flower also requires a lot of care. It is dried in the shade and in a light breeze. After collecting and drying, we can make tea.

A heaped amount of dried linden can be used as 1 teaspoon per glass. Boiling linden with water is not recommended. After boiling water in another container, the boiled water should be poured over the dried linden put into the teapot. Cover the pot and wait for the linden to brew for at least 10 minutes. The measure of the brewing of the linden is that it takes on its red color. By infusing the linden flower or leaf, the active ingredients in its contents mix with the water to form the linden tea. Your ‘rabbit’ linden tea is ready, which you can drink after meals or at any time!

Benefits of Linden

If you are looking for herbal solutions to many health problems, linden is a great option for you. Linden tea is generally used as a sedative, sedative and antinervous. Linden, which is the indispensable herbal solution for colds, is an antipyretic, anti-cough, anti-flu and cold-friendly option.

The flower, leaf and bark of the linden tree, which is frequently used in health and alternative medicine, has many benefits. We can list the benefits of linden in general as follows: It prevents diarrhea, lowers blood pressure, prevents atherosclerosis, relieves muscle spasms, has an effect on gallbladder disorders, is good for indigestion, prevents palpitations, relieves sore throat, nasal congestion and insomnia. It removes, is recommended for skin and skin diseases, softens the skin, is effective in solving intestinal problems, is recommended for stomach problems, is beneficial for anemia, is diuretic.

Linden flower; It contains substances such as sugars, sudorific, glycoside, saponin, tannin, mucilage, flavonite and essential oils. While there are glycosides and mucilage in the leaf; The bark also contains farnasol, an alcohol type, and mucilage.

Areas of Use

Linden is a tree species that is less resistant to physical effects. For this reason, it can be easily processed. It is less resistant to screws or nails used on it. It gives a good result when glued; but difficult to varnish.

It is one of the most cherished trees by artists dealing with the art of carving. It is also very valuable in joinery. The fibrous bark of the linden is suitable for use as a thread or for coarse weaving.

The wood of the linden tree, which is among the preferred trees in the furniture industry, can be sold as logs and planks. Some of the products produced in areas where linden wood is used can be listed as follows: Plywood, matches, shoe molds, duralite, model molds, musical instruments, paper pulp, pencils, matches, medical coal, cosmetics, landscaping, household goods.

In the market Two types of linden are sold. These; flower linden and leafy linden. Flower linden consists of only flowers and is known as premium quality linden. Leaf linden is sold in the form of leaves and flowers. Secondary quality and cheaper. The leaves of linden grow very abundantly and are used in the production of organic fertilizers. The shell of the linden is among the products used by the pharmaceutical and chemical industries.