Traditional Chinese pu-erh tea is one of the medicinal teas whose name is not known but many benefits are mentioned. As you wait, its taste and benefits increase.
Pu-erh is shown as an ideal tea to strengthen overall health. It is known as a “unique tea” because it undergoes a natural fermentation process. It is one of the most valuable teas in the world. It is a type of tea that increases in taste and health benefits as it ages. The natural fermentation process adds to the flavor and aroma of the tea. Let’s get to know the pu-erh tea, which is as interesting as its name!
What is Pu-erh Tea?
“Pu-erh” or “Pu’er” ” tea is a traditional fermented black tea native to the Yunnan province of China. The tea produced near Pu’er town in Yunnan province is named after this town. Pu-erh means “black tea“, “dark tea” or “red tea“.
Pu-erh tea is traditionally made from a raw product called “rough”.
Both of these forms go through a gradual complex process of fermentation and maturation. The fermentation process of tea; drying, rolling, microbial fermentation and oxidation of its leaves. Producing tea with this fermentation process is a Chinese specialty.
Pu-erh tea is obtained from the leaves and stem of the Camellia sinensis plant. This plant is also used to make green, oolong and black teas. Although the same plant is used, different teas are obtained by using different processes. While green tea is not fermented, oolong tea is partially fermented. In black tea, the fermentation process is applied completely. Pu-erh tea, on the other hand, undergoes a process called “post-fermentation”. The best type of this tea category is pu-erh tea.
The processing of pu-erh tea; includes fermentation and “aging” under high humidity. Thus, it can be stored for a longer period of time. Unlike other teas, its flavor and quality increase as it ages. The longer it is kept, the greater the benefits and taste. However, in some cases, it may deteriorate when moldy odor or bacteria appear.
What are the Benefits of Pu-erh Tea?
The aged pu-erh tea is the most beneficial for health. known as tea.
The Chinese believe that pu erh tea is a cure for 100 different diseases. Tea, which has also gained popularity in Taiwan, is used as a natural medicine in this region.
Potential benefits of Pu-erh tea include;
It contains antioxidants that prevent damage caused by free radicals in the body. Free radicals can cause various diseases.
Pu-erh tea, which has antibacterial properties, helps protect the body against harmful bacteria. It can also be used topically to treat mild bacterial problems such as acne.
It has anti-inflammatory properties that prevent redness, swelling and other irritations in the body. It can also relieve pain caused by inflammatory conditions such as arthritis.
It can be applied topically to inflamed areas of the skin. It supports the elimination of inflammations in the body.
Provides protection against harmful ultraviolet rays by reducing the signs of aging of the skin caused by sunlight. .
It functions as a detoxification (detoxin removal) in the body.These harmful toxins that are excreted are also toxins that contribute to weight gain.
Helps alleviate stomach ailments by increasing digestion. It supports the digestion of heavy foods by balancing the bacteria in the stomach and intestines.
It regulates and protects the nervous system and indirectly helps to reduce stress. The “gamma-aminobutyric acid” (GABA) in tea reduces anxiety levels.
Although Pu-erh tea contains caffeine, it improves sleep quality. Considering its effects on anxiety, it calms the mind and supports a comfortable sleep. It promotes the production of “melatonin”, which regulates sleep.
Pu-erh tea not only lowers cholesterol levels, but also has protective benefits. Recommended for general cardiovascular health.
Consuming pu-erh tea regularly can help alleviate the important symptoms of metabolic syndrome. It is especially recommended for those with a family history of metabolic syndrome. It is especially recommended for .
Drinking pu-erh tea after meals where glucose levels tend to rise lowers blood sugar levels.
It may be beneficial for overall bone health due to its positive effects on oxidative stress and inflammation.Thus, it can reduce the risks of heart disease and other cardiovascular disorders.
Some studies show that pu-erh tea may also have benefits against cancer. It is stated that Pu-erh tea can inhibit the growth of tumor cells. However, more research is needed on its anti-cancer effects!
Effects of Pu-erh Tea on Weight Loss
Pu-erh tea is a substance that also helps to lose weight. it is tea. It can be consumed as an alternative to sugary drinks. In this sense, it indirectly helps to lose weight.
The following results have been obtained in studies on this subject;
Some studies on animals have shown that pu-erh tea can reduce blood sugar and blood triglycerides. In this respect, studies in animals and humans have shown that tea can help with weight loss.
In one study, 70 men were given a capsule containing pu-erh tea extract and a placebo. After three months, those taking the pu-erh tea capsule lost about 1 kilogram more weight than the placebo group. it turned out to help suppress weight gain.
Note: Current research on pu-erh tea and weight loss is limited to pu-erh tea extract consumption.
Most people can drink up to 5 glasses a day without experiencing any side effects. Many of the potential side effects and interactions of tea are due to its caffeine content. Pu-erh tea, which has properties such as raising blood pressure, increasing body temperature and moving kidney stones; It can cause intoxication when brewed incorrectly.
Consuming more than 5 cups of pu-erh tea a day may cause the following side effects due to caffeine;
- Sleep problems
- irregular heartbeat
- Ringing in the ears
Consumption of pu-erh tea can be risky for people who have the following problems;
- Anxiety disorder
- Bleeding disorder
- Heart disease
- Irritable bowel syndrome
- High blood pressure
Also, pu-erh tea can interact with some prescription and over-the-counter medications;
- Psychotic drugs
- Cardiovascular drugs
- COPD drugs
- Diabetes drugs
- High blood pressure drugs…
Feature Important notice: Pu-erh tea also contains fluorine.
Although it is safe when consumed in a normal amount, those who have health problems should use it with the advice of a doctor. Also, pregnant or breastfeeding women should not drink more than 2 glasses a day. Children can consume small amounts!
How to Prepare Pu-erh Tea?
You can find pu-erh tea in grocery stores or natural food stores. If you want to make it at home, you can use pressed tea leaves or tea bags. Pu-erh tea is also available in capsule form or as a sublingual tablet.
The following recipe can be used to prepare fresh pu-erh tea;
Prepare 3 to 6 grams of tea leaves per cup.
Do not crush, break or split the leaves.
You can adjust the amount according to how steep or strong you want the tea to be.
Place the tea leaves in a teapot strainer.
Pour boiled water into the teapot and shake it a little. .
Pour out this first water to remove any dirt from the tea.
Fill the teapot with more boiled water.
Let the tea steep for 3 to 4 minutes.
You can then consume it hot or lukewarm .
You can use the tea leaves several times.
Before each brewing, make sure that there is no water left from the previous tea.
Wait for 15 minutes for subsequent brews.
Important note : Pu-erh tea contains about 60 to 70 milligrams of caffeine per cup.
When the same leaves are brewed a second or third time, the resulting tea will contain less caffeine!
Useful Information About Pu-erh Tea
It was developed by the Wòduī Kunming Tea Factory in China in 1973. The developed fermentation process has allowed new types of teas to be obtained, such as pu-erh tea.
Pu-erh tea is usually produced in the Yunnan region in the southwestern part of China.
Real pu-erh tea is only available in Yunnan province with a special technology.
Fermented dark teas make up the 6 tea classes in China. One of these teas and the best is pu-erh.
The special production method of Pu-erh tea allows it to stay intact and without losing its flavor for 20 to 30 years.
The reason that Pu-erh tea does not spoil for years is because it is pressed!< br/>The “Sheng” type of pu-erh tea, which has two types as “Sheng Pu-erh” (green) and “Shou Pu-erh” (black), is pressed because it is not processed much. The “Shou” type, on the other hand, is an accelerated fermentation product.
The “Sheng” type is pressed in round or rectangular pieces of 100 to 200 grams.
The price of a mold of pressed pu-erh tea is approximately $1000.
Fresh pu -erh tea has an earthy aroma, while aged pu-erhs taste like honey and walnuts